My approach to psychotherapy is relational and pragmatic. Psychotherapy is a process, and how we engage this process will be consistent with your interests and goals in therapy. Regardless of the variety of approaches (e.g., psychodynamic or cognitive-behavioral), the therapeutic relationship between us is extremely important; it can be powerful and transformative and extremely important in reaching therapy goals and affecting lasting change. The therapeutic environment that we co-create will be secure.  I am active and engaging; I listen, give feedback and welcome all your input, emotions and feedback. This process allows us to build trust, to hone in on understanding how you experience the struggles and concerns you experience in your life, in personal relationships (past and present), in work relationships and in our relationship. This activates the process of change.

My job is to help you to talk.  I think of myself more as a guide in this process whereby you learn to bring more of yourself into the room and our interaction by giving voice to feelings and thoughts, learning to have all of your feelings so that all of you can exist (with less shame) with yourself and interpersonally.  Often this expression of and tolerance for all of one’s feelings occurs for the first time with the therapist and ultimately opens up more possibilities that leads to new relationships, with oneself and others.

I also believe in a nonpathologizing, developmentally informed approach that integrates cognitive-behavioral and psychodynamic perspectives (e.g., see below). I draw from a variety of contemporary psychodynamic approaches when it is useful for our work and supports talking together. These approaches to treatment are researched and evidence-based.

Treatment Orientation (What I draw from):

  • Relational (Primarily)
  • Attachment Theory
  • Self-Trauma Model: Relational Trauma/Childhood Abuse/Complex PTSD
  • Cognitive Behavioral (CBT) & Exposure-Based Therapy & Learning Theory
  • Psychoanalytic-Psychodynamic (Contemporary approaches)
  • Intersubjectivity Systems Theory
  • Self-Object Theory


  • Individual Psychotherapy

After 25+ years as a psychotherapist working with a variety of modalities (e.g., individual, families, couples, children, and groups) and with diverse theoretical frameworks (e.g., Systems/Family Therapy, Gestalt, CBT, and Contemporary Psychodynamic-Psychotherapy approaches), I have integrated this experience and honed in on increasing my efficiency and effectiveness in working with people in individual psychotherapy. My work is integrative as the problems and concerns you bring to therapy can be understood and worked with in a variety of ways to meet your goals.